Exhibition Room 1

Treasure trove of prehistoric culture of Baekje centered around Buyeo A section of culture associated with life and death

Take a look at the prehistoric culture of the Baekje Dynasty in Exhibition Room 1.

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Part 1 Life and death & Songguk-ri type earthenware

You can see how people lived at that time from the historic sites in Songguk-ri and Majeon-ri that represent the mid-Bronze Age

Features of Songguk-ri type culture
1. Unique features compared to other regions 2. Ovular pits – an essential factor of houses in Songguk-ri 3. Formation of a farming society based on intensive rice farming 4. Plain earthenware buried in jar coffin tombs covered with stone lids 5. Household tools, including Songguk-ri type earthenware

Relics representinga prehistoric culture

Egg-shaped plain earthenware objects display a feature of a small protruding mouth. Such objects were also disseminated to Japan.

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Watch a video about Songguk-ri culture and iron-age culture of Buyeo!

Part 2 Bronze artifacts, mankind’s first metal objects, and bamboo-shaped artifacts

Let’s take a look at the Bronze Age, when people settled down through rice farming.

Objects used by the chief priest There are objects that are presumed to have been used by the chief priest with the uses still unknown.

  • 01 Bamboo-shaped bronze artifacts - These unique artifacts with names based on their split-bamboo shapes are presumed to have been used by the chief priest based on their human hand-like shapes and deer patterns.
  • 02 Trumpet-shaped bronze artifacts - This bronze artifact with a cylindrical column mounted on the center of a cone-shaped bottom was unearthed along with the bamboo-shaped bronze artifact and is also presumed to have been used by the chief priest.
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Part 3Diverse iron artifacts and glass tubular jades

We can see how people lived during the Baekje Dynasty based on characters inscribed on stones and wood unearthed in Buyeo.

  • 01 Emergence of glass objects Glass tubular jades - At the time, both iron and glass objects were made in Baekje. These objects made of lead-barium glass were also popular in China. They were also found in Japan and they tell us of the existence of a possible cultural channel that linked China with Korea and Japan.
  • 02 Bird-shaped earthenware associated with people’s earnest desires - Ancient people believed that birds acted as messengers between heaven and earth. This is a bird-shaped earthenware object, which is presumed to have been used in rituals associated with a bird.
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Exhibition Room 1 displays a wide range of relics, in addition to those introduced just now.

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The Songguk-ri site in Buyeo played a key role during the Bronze Age and the Baekje Dynasty established the foundation of a kingdom while developing a highly refined iron-age culture.

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